A short history
Historical texts tell us that Monemvasia came to be as an aftermath of a cataclysmic earthquake dating back to 375 A.D. The city was first inhabited in 588 A.D. under Byzantine Emperor Mavrikos reign, by inhabitants of Spartan and Laconian origin who were fleeing invaders and Arab slave traders. Its prime geographical location made it an ideal target for several invasions that changed hands over the centuries, those being the Franks, Byzantine, Papal, Venetian and Turkish rulers. The citadel reachedits golden age as a significantcommercial gateway to Europe during the 14th century,skirting annihilation during the Turkish siege of early 17th century, only to resurrect after the war of independence, onceGreek rule and freedom was re-established in 1821.